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Archive for October, 2008

Last bastion of Byzantium Trabzon

Thursday, October 23rd, 2008

Last breastwork (bastion) of Byzantium Trabzon

┬áPity poor Trabzon. Until afresh this Black Sea boondocks in the northeastern bend of Turkey was best accepted to foreigners as the abject for visiting the iconic S├╝mela Monastery. Afresh one adolescent man attempt a bounded priest and addition was arraigned for killing the Armenian announcer Hrant Dink and al of a sudden the media began behaving as if Trabzon were some God-forsaken hellhole of abandonment that should be beyond off everyone’s itineraries immediately.

 This was rather like foreigners getting brash not to appointment Gloucester in England because it was home to Fred and Rosemary West (serial killers) and Saajid Badat (would-be even bomber), and just as silly. Because, of course, Trabzon is no such abhorrent place, but rather a active anchorage boondocks with a alluring history area over the contempo bayram (holiday) the new Forum arcade centermost was ample with acquisitive locals who had appear to analysis out the latest annex of Marks & Spencer and added affluence brands.

First to the alluring history. Trabzon was originally acclimatized by birth of colonists from Miletus on the Aegean bank who had set up a new home in Sinop. (more…)

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Kars: Where (Area) the goose is King (baron)

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008

The Kars Alcazar

“I’m in Kars.”

“Oh, I’m apologetic to apprehend that.”

This amazing barter served to admonish me that already a boondocks has acquired a bad reputation, it can be astonishingly harder to agitate it off again.

┬á (more…)

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Ancient Harran: Land (Acreage) of the beehive houses

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008

UrfaÔÇÖs acclaimed beehive-shaped houses

Situated on the actual southernmost bound of the appalling Toros (Taurus) Mountains — with little added than low limestone spurs, clawing their way like torn fingers into the collapsed amplitude of the Mesopotamian apparent — is the alive exchange city-limits of ?anl?urfa.

 

Some 40 kilometers abroad to the south of it, just abbreviate of Turkey’s bound with Syria, the broadcast charcoal of the age-old adjustment of Harran blinking in the calefaction of this vast, abandoned and ascetic landscape. Already a boss belted city-limits sitting astride the acceptable barter routes crisscrossing Mesopotamia, it is now best accepted for the analytical domed “beehive” houses ascent aloft the confused ruins, which until absolutely afresh were the homes of the Arabic-speaking villagers who absorb the site.

(more…)

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New era in active PKK agitation

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008

Turkey has been ambidextrous with terrorists for three decades. It has accomplished through acquaintance that it is absurd to abolition the terrorists unless the centers abaft alarm are abundantly dealt with.

┬áFrom now on, it looks as if the adept moves, bread-and-butter measures, autonomous improvements, as able-bodied as growing absorption by civilian association in the region, will reinforce rapprochement admitting the efforts of those who seek to burn a Kurd-Turk conflict. (more…)

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Çesme , izmir

Tuesday, October 21st, 2008

├çesme (Greek: ?????, adaptation Kr├şni or Krene) is a littoral boondocks and the center-town of the commune of the aforementioned name in Turkey’s western-most end, on a bank on the tip of the peninsula which aswell carries the aforementioned name and which extends civil to anatomy a accomplished with the added Karaburun Peninsula. The commune centermost is amid 85 km. west of izmir, the better city-limits centermost in Turkey’s Aegean Region and the alley affiliation amid the two cities is assured by a recently-built six-lane highway. ├çesme commune has two adjoining districts, Karaburun to the arctic and Urla to the east, both of which are aswell allotment of izmir Province. (more…)

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Maps of Izmir Region, Turkey

Monday, October 20th, 2008

Here’s a map assuming Izmir and adjacent towns: Aydin, ├çesme, Fo├ža, Kusadasi, Manisa, Menderes (and its important airport), Nazilli, Sel├žuk and S├Âke.

Ancient cities apparent on the map cover Claros, Colophon, Ephesus [Efsos Harabeler], Magnesia ad Meander, Priene and Sardis. Just off the map are Miletus (south of Priene) and Aphrodisias (east of Karacasu). (more…)

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Distances to & from Ephesus, Turkey

Monday, October 20th, 2008

These distances and biking times are from Sel├žuk, the boondocks next to Ephesus:

Adnan Menderes (Izmir) Airport: 60 km (37 miles) N, 45 to 60 account via otoyol (expressway)

Ala├žati (near ├çesme): 145 km (90 miles) NW, 2 hours by car, 3 hours by bus

Antalya: 560 km (348 miles) SE, 9.5 hours

Aphrodisias: 130 km (81 miles) E, 2 hours (more…)

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Izmir clock Tower

Monday, October 20th, 2008

Izmir Clock Belfry Turkish:Izmir Saat Kulesi is a celebrated alarm belfry in Konak’s Konak Square amid in the city-limits of Izmir, Turkey. The alarm belfry advised by advised by the Levantine French artist Raymond Charles P├Ęre and congenital in 1901 to admire the 25th ceremony of Abdul Hamid II’s accretion to the throne. The alarm itself was a allowance of William II, German Emperor. It is busy in an elaborate, Ottoman architecture. The belfry itself is 25 meters high. The belfry appearance four fountains which are placed about the abject in a annular pattern, and the columns are aggressive by North African themes.

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Didyma (Didim), near (abreast) Ephesus

Monday, October 20th, 2008

The gigantic Temple of Apollo at Didyma (Didim in Turkish) was a part of the a lot of acclaimed oracles in the age-old world, according in accent to the oracular temple at Delphi in Greece.

It’s the southernmost of the three age-old sites (Priene, Miletus and Didyma) you can appointment on a day cruise from Sel├žuk (Ephesus) or Kusadasi. More…

There has been a temple actuality aback actual aboriginal times, but the earlier anatomy was destroyed by Cyrus of Persia in 494 BC. Construction began on the present amazing anatomy anon after. (more…)

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Media and art mentioning (advertence) izmir

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

The composition “The Turkish Captive” in the balladry aggregate Les Orientales by Victor Hugo (1828)

The abandoned piano section “In Smyrna” by Edward Elgar (1905);

The atypical Eric Ambler (1939, 1994). Mask of Dimitrios ISBN 0792718216 (in English). Chivers.

The cine “You Can’t Win ‘Em All” with Tony Curtis and Charles Bronson (1970);

The biking book John D. Tumpane (1981). Scotch and Holy Water ISBN 0960738207 (in English). St. Giles Pr. ;
(more…)

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Levantine mansions of izmir

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

Great Levantine mansions of izmir (Turkish: izmir Levanten k├Âskleri) accredit to about fifty august residences, dating principally from the 19th aeon and of which a cogent amount abide complete to this day, by getting adequate and continuing to be acclimated and visited, in izmir, Turkey. They were congenital either by arresting Levantines or by European merchants or consuls residing in the city. These residences alter from the acceptable Ottoman mansions (konak) in the city-limits by a amount of features, as able-bodied as by their history. The families who endemic them, the notable visitors they hosted in these houses, their affidavit destinies through the celebrated contest of the city, accomplish them an important allotment of izmir’s accepted heritage.
(more…)

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List of people (humans) from izmir

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

This is a account of acclaimed humans from izmir

In alphabetical order

6. Cadde - bedrock bandage that had won the Sing Your Song music challenge aired on a aloft music televioson approach

Rita Abatzi (1914-1969) Greek rebetiko accompanist

Ekrem Akurgal - Turkish archaeologist built-in in Tulkarem, charlatan of Old Smyrna, Pitane, Phocaea and Erythrai
(more…)

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Occupation of izmir

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

The Activity of izmir was the aphorism in the izmir commune by Greek armament beneath the High Commissioner Aristidis Stergiadis, accumbent with the Allied administering of the Ottoman Empire afterwards the Ceasefire of Mudros. There had been no aggressive hostilities amid Greece and the Ottoman Empire during Apple War I or above-mentioned to the occupation. The activity is advised by a amount of sources as the agitator for the Turkish civic movement. The activity was actual controversial, back the capital ambition of the Allies of Apple War I was to antithesis the Italian amplification in Anatolia above-mentioned to Italian landing on the southern coast. However, the Greek amplification in this arena was constant with Megali Idea, and activities beneath the agreement of acknowledgment resulted in the enactment of Turkish civic movement and an alignment amid Italy and Grand Civic Assembly of Turkey. The Greek activity of izmir was an blow that had a acceptation above its aggressive importance. The Greek concessions during this time over Greek Christians of Turkey was acicular as the capital activity for the accouterment in the Treaty of Lausanne for citizenry barter amid Greece and Turkey to actualize ethnically constant states.

Background

Main article: Administering of the Ottoman Empire (more…)

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Pamucak Beach, Ephesus, Turkey

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

This advanced bow-shaped of aphotic Meander River basin bank is 7 km west of Sel├žuk (4 km west of Ephesus).

Though big resort auberge complexes (including the Richmond) acceleration on its southern reaches, a lot of of the bank is public. (Bigger photo)

At the actual southern end, area the alley begins the ascend over the hills to Kusadasi, is the Aqua Fantasy baptize park. (more…)

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universities are located (amid) in izmir

Sunday, October 19th, 2008

The afterward universities are amid in izmir:

Ege University - Founded in 1955, Ege University is izmir’s aboriginal university to alpha courses. The rectorate and the campus which englobes a lot of of university’s institutions (62 in all, with 3141 bookish agents and 42,693 acceptance for 2006/2007) are anchored in the city-limits commune of Bornova. (more…)

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Ala├žati, near (abreast) ├çesme, Turkey

Saturday, October 18th, 2008

Ala├žati, a apple 72 km west of Izmir, abreast the tip of the ├çesme peninsula (map), is one of Aegean Turkey’s advancing vacation break havens.

Visitors appear for the absorbing old rock houses on attenuated streets lined with sidewalk cafes, restaurants and boutiques. Over 20 baby inns and bazaar hotels accommodate hospitality. (My admired is the Tas Otel.) (more…)

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Adnan Menderes Airport, Izmir

Saturday, October 18th, 2008

Izmir’s capital airport (airport code: ADB) is 18 km (11 miles) south of the city-limits on the way to Sel├žuk, Ephesus and Pamukkale.

A agleam new International terminal opened in 2006. The terminal is nice, but the roadways about the airport, complete with ambagious signage, are a coil and a mess. Go boring and yield your time if you’re active in or out. (more…)

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Petkim , izmir

Saturday, October 18th, 2008

Petkim (Turkish: Petkim Petrokimya Holding A.s.) is the arch petrochemical aggregation of Turkey. Founded on April 3, 1965, the capital bulb circuitous is amid in Yarimca, Izmit. From 1985 on a additional circuitous has been complete in Aliaga, izmir.

Specializing in petrochemical manufacturing, the aggregation produces ethylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene and added actinic architecture blocks for use in the manufacuture of plastics, textiles, and added customer and automated products. The aggregation has 14 accomplishment plants bartering a cogent allocation of petrochemicals acclimated in Turkey. The aggregation aswell exports articles to the United States, and countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.

Petkim is listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange.

Privatization (more…)

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Karsiyaka S.K. , izmir

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Karsiyaka S.K. is a Turkish sports club from izmir. They are currently arena in the Turkish 1.League at football. The “SK” refers to the sports club, as this club has several added sports branches on-going - basketball (which won the Turkish championship in 1987, won the President Cup aforementioned year by assault Besiktas and fabricated it to the finals two added times) volleyball, handball, tennis, swimming, sailing (twice beneath 21 apple champions), billiards, bowling, and motorcycling.

Fans like to alarm the club 35 and a half, to differentiate themselves from izmir whose authorization bowl attribute is 35. On 16 May 1981, a 2nd alliance bout amid Karsiyaka SK and G├Âztepe, the club’s capital rival, had 80.000 spectators. This is still a apple almanac for a 2nd alliance match. (more…)

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Izmir’s sister cities

Friday, October 17th, 2008

The afterward is a account of Izmir’s sister cities.:

Europe

Yaroslavl, Russia, back 2007

Ancona, Italy, back 2005

Astana, Kazakhstan, back 1994

Astara, Azerbaijan, back 2007

Baku, Azerbaijan, back 1985 (more…)

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Asclepion of Pergamum, Bergama

Friday, October 17th, 2008

The Asclepion (Asklepieion) of Pergamum was conceivably the world’s a lot of acclaimed age-old medical center, and is the second-most important website in Bergama.

The Asclepion is 1.6 km (one mile) arctic of the capital street, accomplished by a alley on the larboard (north) 6 km (3.73 miles) east of the Otogar (bus terminal) and one km (6/10 mile) west of the Bergama Museum and city-limits center.

The alley to the Asclepion passes through a ample Turkish army base. Do not amble on the road, or yield photos, and be off the alley by dusk. (more…)

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Kusadasi, Aegean Turkey

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Kusadasi is a aloft Aegean resort boondocks and cruise address port. Being so abutting to the acclaimed charcoal of Ephesus (map), it gets added than its allotment of Turkish and adopted visitors.

Once a asleep agriculture village, Kusadasi was adapted by the Turkish tourism bang of the 1980s. It’s now a active resort with a bank forth the beach artery in boondocks and several added beaches arctic and south of the town. They tend to be awash in the summer.

Scores of hotels accommodate for the sun-seekers. (more…)

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Connection with other cities and countries , izmir

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Air: The city-limits has an airport (Adnan Menderes Airport) able-bodied served with access to Turkish and all-embracing destinations. Its new all-embracing terminal was opened in September 2006 and the airport is set on its way for acceptable one of the busiest in Turkey. The city-airport shuttles are assured by buses operated by a clandestine aggregation (web page for izmir) and forth stops that chase two curve only, the aboriginal abutting Karsiyaka in the city’s arctic allotment to the airport and the additional amid Alsancak in the south and the airport. Trains abide a analogously apathetic alternative, the alms that will ability the airport is beneath construction, while the taxis are not bargain and can amount up to fifty U.S. dollars depending on the distance.

Bus: A recently-built ample bus terminal (Otogar) in Altindag suburb on the outkirts of the city-limits has intercity buses to credibility all over Turkey. (more…)

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Alsancak , izmir

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Alsancak is a ample division (or a zone; semt) in izmir, Turkey, aural the boundaries of the city-limits commune of Konak, the celebrated centermost of the city.

As a abstract zone, Alsancak extends forth the southern shores of the tip of the Gulf of izmir, starting from the celebrated aboveboard that carries the aforementioned name as the commune (Konak Square) and the 19th aeon Pasaport Quai in abutting distance, addition forth a three km continued bank artery and access (Kordon) and assuredly to abut Bornova, addition city-limits commune of izmir in the Gulf’s end. Aural this zone, abreast from the clearly instituted and belted division (mahalle) of Alsancak proper, there are the adjoining abode of Umurbey, K├╝lt├╝r, Mimar Sinan, ismet Kaptan and Akdeniz, which are, as a whole, about referred to as getting allotment of a beyond breadth of Alsancak. (more…)

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Fo├ža (Phocaea), Turkey

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Fo├ža (FOH-chah), alleged Phocaea in age-old times, is a accepted Turkish Aegean bank resort boondocks arctic of Izmir.

There are in fact two towns here: Eski Fo├ža (Old Fo├ža) and Yeni Fo├ža (New Fo├ža). Eski Fo├ža is the beyond of the two, built-in beside two baby accolade and a accomplished baby anchorage that has been in use by accomplished mariners back 600 BC.

Phocaea’s mariners explored the Black, Aegean and Mediterranean seas in their 50-oar ships, founding colonies at Samsun, in Corsica, Italy, France and Spain. (more…)

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Çesme, Aegean Turkey

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Çesme, 85 km (53 miles) due west of Izmir, is the anchorage for ferries to Chios, the Greek island, and aswell for the car-and-passenger ferries to and from Italy.

├çesme (CHESH-meh, “fountain” or “spring,” pop. 100,000) is a affable enough, accepted sun-and-beach resort town, abnormally for visitors from Izmir, Scandinavia and the United Kingdom.

There are acceptable beaches south of ├çesme, and at adjacent Ilica (UH-luh-jah), calmly attainable by minibus (dolmus). (more…)

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Konak square (Aboveboard) , izmir

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Konak Aboveboard Turkish:Konak Meydani is a active aboveboard at the southern end of Atat├╝rk Caddesi in the Konak commune of Izmir, Turkey. (more…)

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Aphrodisias, Aegean Turkey

Friday, October 17th, 2008

Aphrodisias is the City-limits of Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, and one of the Aegean region’s a lot of absorbing archeological sites.

Guided tours from Izmir, Ephesus/Kusadasi and Antalya generally stop actuality on their way to Pamukkale.

Nestled in the broad, abundant Change River valley, this city-limits has been actuality for millennia. At its affection is an acropolis on a acropolis formed of the bits of settlements dating aback at atomic to the Early Bronze Age (as old as 2800 BC). (more…)

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Miletus (Milet), near (abreast) Ephesus, Turkey

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Located on the southern bend of the Meander River flood plain, 22 km (14 miles) south of Priene, Miletus was an important Ionian city-limits for 1400 years, from about 700 BC to 700 AD.

It’s the axial of the three age-old sites (Priene, Miletus and Didyma) you can appointment on a day cruise from Sel├žuk (Ephesus) or Kusadasi.

The city-limits has a solid abode in history. Thales of Miletus (6th-5th aeon BC), one of the Seven Sages of Greece, has been alleged “the architect of science,” with abnormally abundant contributions in the fields of geometry and astronomy. It was in Miletus that St Paul met with the elders of the abbey of Ephesus (the Ephesians) afore his final adventure to Rome. Isidore of Miletus was one of the two men who afflicted the advance of architectonics with the architecture of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. (more…)

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Tire, Turkey , izmir

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Tire is a commune of izmir Province of Turkey.

It is one of the better towns in the breadth and is anchored 82 km. southeast of izmir. It at the bottom of the Aydin Mountains. Its continued cultural ancestry includes periods beneath the Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Romans and Byzantines, and it developed its able links with the abridgement during the Ottoman period. (more…)

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Ayvalik, Aegean Turkey

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Ayvalik is a accepted North Aegean bank resort for bounded people, with ferries to the Greek island of Lesvos (Mytileni).

Surrounded by groves of olive copse which aftermath abundant of Turkey’s best olive oil, Ayvalik (”Quince Orchard”, pop. 30,000) has an absorbing history.

After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottoman Greeks of Ayvalik confused to Greece, and Turkish citizens of Greece confused to Ayvalik. Thus, even afterwards the Greeks left, you could still apprehend Greek announced in the streets of Ayvalik, although the speakers were Turkish Muslims (who had developed up in Greece). (more…)

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izmir University of Economics

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Accepted information

Izmir University of Economics was accustomed in 2001 by the Izmir Chamber of Commerce Apprenticeship and Health Foundation. The University has the official aim to accession participative and artistic individuals who are loyal to Ataturk’s attempt and revolutions. The university is the aboriginal foundation university of Izmir and the Aegean Region. Izmir University of Economics is aswell the aboriginal specialization university of Turkey. It was planning to authorize a university in Goslar, Germany by 2007, but these affairs accept not embodied yet as of 2008.

Mission and vision

The eyes of the Izmir University of Economics is to be a college apprenticeship convention accouterment world-class education, training and analysis accessories for the acceptance to be able to bear top superior casework to civic and all-embracing communities and to affectation life-long administration qualities. In adjustment to accomplish this eyes the Izmir University of Economics aims at the following: (more…)

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Trains to & from Izmir, Turkey

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

There’s a acceptable train-ferry affiliation amid Izmir and Istanbul, and advantageous casework run amid Izmir’s Basmane Base and Ankara.

Trains aswell run south (slowly) from Izmir (Basmane) to Adnan Menderes Airport, Sel├žuk (for Ephesus), and Denizli (for Pamukkale), but as of March 3, 2008, all trains accept been chock-full on this avenue because of clue improvements.

IZMIR-ISTANBUL TRAIN-FERRY (more…)

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Getting to from Bergama, izmir, Turkey

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Bergama (Pergamum), 100 km (62 miles) arctic of Izmir and 250 km (155 miles) south of ├çanakkale, is one of Turkey’s above archeological sites. Most travelers appointment on a day-trip from Izmir, some while casual through on the north-south highway. A baby amount break the night in Bergama.

From Istanbul, the best way to ability Bergama is by fast bear to Bursa or Bandirma, again by bus to Bergama.

Modern Bergama is a l-o-n-g all-inclusive city. The capital north-south Izmir-├çanakkale artery passes to the west of the city, abreast the Aegean coast. The bus terminal (Otogar), is at the alliance amid the artery and the capital alley into the city, Izmir Caddesi. From the Otogar, you will charge to yield a city-limits bus or auto to get into the city. (more…)

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Tas Otel, Ala├žati, Turkey

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

At the breakable age of 14 years, Ms Zeynep ├ľzis, now the buyer of the Tas Otel in Ala├žati, was designing houses.

“It’s just something I had to do,” she says.

Luckily her father, a civilian engineer, was able to accumulation her with books and affairs that helped her to bout her dreams of architectonics and architecture with the absolute world.

When she apparent Ala├žati, a absorbing old apple on the ├çesme peninsula 70 km (43 miles) west of Izmir, she knew her fate was sealed. She bought an old rock abode and advised her dream inn, an eight-room bazaar auberge absolute in its beauty, agreeableness and atmosphere. (more…)

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Menemen (District), izmir

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Menemen (?????┬Á??? in Greek) is a commune of Turkey’s izmir Arena as able-bodied as the district’s axial town. It is anchored at a ambit of 33km from izmir centermost (Konak) on a abundant apparent which is fabricated up of the alluvial clay agitated by the Gediz River (Hermos) for abounding centuries from the Anatolian civil to the Aegean shores. It is on the capital alley to added districts of izmir which are lined up in the north. Menemen is accepted throughout Turkey for its ceramics ceramics articles and its abridgement is added based on its developing Chargeless Breadth and activities airy from the adjoining izmir city-limits area.

History

There are altered accounts accompanying to the absolute agent of the name “Menemen”. But the a lot of believable of them is that the age-old Greek chat “menemenos” (┬Á???┬Á????) or “menemenus” which meant “flood” or “overflow” was the absolute antecedent of today’s name as the River Gediz, in the absence of avant-garde dams, acclimated to could cause austere amercement frequently on the animal settlements of the arena until absolute contempo times. (more…)

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Narlidere , izmir

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Narlidere is a commune of izmir Province of Turkey. It is one of the city districts of izmir.

Among the nine city districts izmir counts, Narlidere became in contempo years the fastest developing commune comparatively, in agreement of population, new investments and the abridgement in general. (more…)

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Izmir Airport Car HireRental

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Several car rental companies accept offices in Adnan Menderes Airport, 18 km (11 miles) south of Izmir on the way to Sel├žuk, Ephesus and Pamukkale.

In principle, you could just fly into the airport, go to a rental desk, appoint a car and go. But to be abiding you’ll get the car you wish at the amount you want, you should assets your car in advance. A acceptable way to do this is through one of TTP’s recommended biking agencies.

Sel├žuk and Ephesus are 60 km (37 miles) south of the airport (less than an hour’s drive). Here’s a description of the drive.

Pamukkale is 252 km (157 miles) from ADB, a drive of about 4 hours. (Follow the Airport-to-Sel├žuk description, but break on the Otoyol against Aydin. Do not avenue for Sel├žuk/Kusadasi.) (more…)

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Highlights of Izmir

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Clock Tower

The alarm belfry at Konak Aboveboard is Izmir’s battleground today. It was congenital by artist Raymond Charles Pere in 1901 to admire 25th year of enthronement of Ottoman absolutist Abdulhamit I. Artist Pere was built-in in 1854 in Izmir from a French Levantine family, befitting with the attitude a allotment of Levantines of the time to brainwash their accouchement in Europe. Afterwards his apprenticeship as an Artist in Europe he came aback to Izmir and affiliated with the babe of addition Levantine ancestors and spent his absolute activity at this admirable Aegean city-limits until his afterlife in 1929. The alarm apparatus was a allowance from German Kaiser Wilhelm II and never torn aback over 100 years. The alarm belfry is 25 meters alpine and abide of four levels on an octagonal plan. The arctic African appearance cavalcade capitals and the bushing in of the ambit arches appearance the architectural appearance of the tower. There are fountains on four abandon of the tower.

Agora

Agora, age-old bazaar place, was aboriginal congenital in the 4th aeon BC to the arctic of Pagos (Kadifekale) breadth Smyrna was confused afterwards Bayrakli. Like all added Agoras of the age-old world, it was a affair abode for all commercial, political, and religious activities for the bounded people. It was amidst mostly by accompaniment barrio on a ellipsoidal plan with a ample axial courtyard and a covered stoa about it. The agora was destroyed several times by able earthquakes and it was rebuilt afterwards anniversary one of them, final apology was done by Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius if a aloft convulsion hit the city-limits in 178 AD. Arctic and western stoas accept been biconcave including their basements, and a ample 165 x 28 m basilica has been begin on the arctic stoa. One of the capital streets of Smyrna city-limits was acid through the agora adding it in two according parts, and there were admission gates at both ends. The blasting works are still advancing at the agora for the basilica and a allotment of the eastern stoa.

Tepekule (Smyrna) (more…)

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Kadifekale , izmir

Thursday, October 16th, 2008

Kadifekale (literally “the clover castle” in Turkish) is the name of the acropolis and of the alcazar anchored on top of the aforementioned acropolis in izmir, Turkey. It was called in the antique Mount Pagos.

It is amid at about 2 kilometers abroad from the bank and commands a accepted appearance of a ample allotment of the burghal breadth of izmir.

On top stands the absorbing charcoal of a alcazar and its walls, congenital by Lysimachos, a “successor” (diadochus) of Alexander the Great, after a baron (306 BC) in Thrace and Asia Minor. (more…)

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